21, Jul 2023
Eventually Millions of Sea Turtles

The exploitation of sea turtles has become one of the world’s ecological problems.

According to a new study conducted by American researchers, more than 1.1 million sea turtles were finished worldwide between 1990 and 2020 by unlawful slaughter and poaching.

Pass away of sea turtles

In the new article, published on Wednesday, September 7 in the journal Global Change Biology, researchers from Arizona State University (ASU) highlighted the impact of long-term human exploitation on wildlife.

With a focus on sea turtles around the world, the study will be the world’s first assessment of unlawful exploitation of sea turtles from primary and secondary sources.

The ASU study found that Southeast Asia and Madagascar are the hot spots of three decades of unlawful slaughter and poaching.

Specifically, ASU researchers have discovered that 95% of poached sea turtles belong to two species, namely the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the nesting turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata).

The researchers also pointed out that during this period, Sea Turtles have been exploited in 65 countries or territories against current laws prohibiting their use.

These jurisdictions belong to the so-called regional management units (RMUs), a framework created to solve the challenge of organizing turtles into groups.

Unlawful exploitation of sea turtles

The research team collected data from the gray literature, peer-reviewed studies, archived media reports and online questionnaires from national experts over a period of 30 years.

According to old and new data, more than 44,000 turtles are exploited every year in 44 of the 58 UGR sea turtles worldwide over the past decade.

Despite the high number of turtles finished, the team’s assessment suggests that unlawful exploitation seems to have decreased over the past 10 years.

This decrease could be due to the increase in conservation laws and the improvement of conservation efforts associated with greater public awareness of the subject or the development of practices and culture, according to Co-first author Kayla Burgher, a graduate student at ASU, cited by The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Sea turtle trade

In addition to climate change and warming oceans, the wildlife trade has become a lucrative activity for poachers and hunters.

In particular, the body parts of turtles and their products are sold on the black market, where other animals are exploited and sold for their meat, medicines and artifacts.

When it comes to the turtle trade, their shells are still exchanged for items such as combs, trinkets, jewelry and sunglasses as part of the largest turtle shell trade, according to National Geographic.

Natural and man-made browbeat

According to the Sea Turtle Conservancy, sea turtles face a variety of natural and anthropogenic browbeat responsible for the pass away of not only young turtles but also mature turtles, even in their natural habitats, including in the waters of the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic.Ocean.

The US-based non-profit organization claims that human maritime activities such as commercial fishing and trawling accidentally finish thousands of marine animals in addition to their natural enemies.

In addition, The ingestion and entanglement of plastic are also among the causes of pass away of sea turtles.

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